Current Issue Article Abstracts
Spring 2019 Vol. 10.1
Humanitarian evacuation is today a well-known practice, but as an articulated policy it only dates back to the evacuation from Macedonia of Kosovo Albanian refugees in 1999. This article investigates a much earlier example, the evacuation of Armenians from Cilicia (now in southern Turkey) by France in 1921. It shows how the evacuation of entire populations over long distances became thinkable, in an age of mass displacement and emerging humanitarian consciousness, and practicable, as military logistics were applied to humanitarian crises. It analyzes the political decision to evacuate, showing how it sprang from the interaction of factors in the eastern Mediterranean, in France, and internationally. On the basis of this case study it establishes humanitarian evacuations as an object of historical enquiry, and sets an agenda for future research.World Neoliberalism as Rebellion From Below?: British Squatters and the Global Interpretation of Poverty, 1946–1974
This article considers connections between British anarchist theorists of squatting who emerged from the postwar housing crisis and World Bank experiments with titling squatters in the third world. It demonstrates that theorists of squatting such as Colin Ward and John F. C. Turner advocated for the ingenuity and intention of squatters in ways that resonated later with free-market thinkers, even while London's squatters pushed an extended right to occupation that required the expansion of the state. By the 1970s, while British students squatted in protest of the failure of the state to provide adequate housing for all, British development theorists asserted that squatting was proof that the state was no longer needed. While the critique of the state appealed to free-market thinkers at the World Bank, the final contribution of squatters and squatting advocates consists in their work to broaden the categories of labor recognized by law.
In 1980s, humanism and human rights gained political momentum among reform-minded intellectuals within the Chinese Communist Party, who tried to incorporate the discourse into cultural and political projects they envisioned for the Party, which was operating under a reformist agenda. This project has been largely forgotten today, because it had failed politically. But as a cultural project it survived and changed the Chinese culture of the self. This paper revises the notion that the 80s was a period of cultural enlightenment that failed politically. Rather, the 80s marked a period of political redemption that survived culturally. The 80s, as a result, is a redemption for the Cultural Revolution.
The Right to Medicines in an Age of Neoliberalism
Has the human rights movement helped entrench neoliberalism? Could it help displace it? This article analyzes "right to medicines" cases, arguing that human rights, even in "socioeconomic" form, can intensify inequality and reproduce neoliberal logics, where they are simply overlain upon the existing political economy. But other versions of human rights are possible too. By tracing the efforts of access to medicines groups to link the right to health to reforms of local and global intellectual property laws, I explore a form of human rights movement that has more transformative potential.
The Report: A Strategy and Nonprofit Public Good
In the context of increasingly stringent state regulations governing civil society, some groups in India have turned to report writing as a form of advocacy for civil society itself. Involving collaboration between NGOs and civil servants, reports make demands upon the state and seek to hold the government accountable for promises of welfare entitlements. Once written, reports are mobile technologies used to negotiate with governmental bodies, to galvanize and constitute the nonprofit sector as a coherent entity, to justify the value of NGO work, and to argue for laws enabling nonprofits in an increasingly competitive arena of social welfare provision.
The Rise and Fall of Euro-American Inter-State War
pp. 133 - 153
pp. 155 - 156